It’s no secret that the auto industry is slowly moving towards self-driving vehicles. Since Tesla (and others) first introduced this technology, though, the debate immediately began: Are self-driving cars, powered by a computer and sensors, as safe or safer than cars driven by humans? For years, Tesla and Google have touted that throughout all of their testing, not one autonomous vehicle had been in an accident that was that car’s fault (i.e., any collisions were the fault of the other drivers). Proponents were touting the safety of computer-driven vehicles, saying the system does not suffer from the same issues as human drivers, namely fatigue, distractions, and poor judgment. Suddenly, however, those years of studies and successes were turned on their head, as a driver of a Tesla Model S electric sedan was killed in an accident when the car was in self-driving mode.